The terms “overweight“ and “obesity“ refers to a greater body weight considered to be healthy for a given height.
The most useful measure of overweight and obesity is the body mass index (BMI). The body mass index is calculated based on height and weight.
In the world there are millions of people who are overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese carries the risk of many health problems. The more weight and more body fat you have, the more likely you are to suffer from the following health problems:
- Disease coronary artery
- High blood pressure
- Type 2 diabetes
- Respiratory problems
- Certain types of cancer
In the weight of a person is influenced by many factors,including the environment, family history and genetics, metabolism (how the body converts food and oxygen into energy), behaviors or habits and many more.
Certain things, such as family history, can not be changed, but others, such as lifestyle habits, yes. For example eat a healthy diet taking into account the calories you need. Be physically active and try to limit the amount of time with no activity.
Achieving a healthy weight and keep a long-term challenge for the overweight or obese, can also be an opportunity to reduce the risks of having other serious health problems. With proper treatment and motivation it is possible to lose weight and reduce the risk of long-term illnesses.
Bariatric surgery is an excellent alternative to achieve weight loss.