La Diabetes mellitus is a disease that occurs when the pancreas can not make enough insulin or when it fails to act in the body because cells do not respond to the stimulus.
Those who suffer from this disorder have increased risk for cardiovascular disease, neuropathy, diabetic foot and some types of cancer.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes mellitus
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is often diagnosed before age 35, but can occur at any age. The cells in the pancreas that make insulin are destroyed and cease to generate it. Usually it has a sudden onset.
Diabetes Mellitus type 2
Diabetes Mellitus type 2 is usually diagnosed in middle age of life (over 40 years), although there are rare cases in young people. It is essentially produced by progressive cell resistance (especially liver and muscles) to the action of insulin produced.
Early symptoms of diabetes
Hyperglycemia or elevated blood sugar leves is directly responsible for the typical symptoms of diabetes. Hence, it is important to know to facilitate diagnosis:
- The need to urinate frequently, also called polyuria
- Being very thirsty: polydipsia
- Feeling very hungry: polyphagia
- Weakness, weight loss and digestive problems often also occur. However, type 2 diabetes mellitus may have no symptoms for years and diagnosed by an analysis casually.
It is advisable to conduct a study of prediabetes all adults are overweight (body mass index greater than 25 kg / m2) and another of these additional risk factors:
- Sedentary lifestyle
- First-degree relatives with diabetes.
- Women with a previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes or had a child born with high weight ( more than 4K)
- Hypertensive, ie, with blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg or treated with antihypertensive drugs
- Changes in cholesterol HDL less than 35mg/dl and/or triglyceride levels above 250 mg / dl
- Women diagnosed with polycystic ovary
- Changes in fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance in a previous determination
- Other clinical conditions associated with insulin resistance.
- History of cardiovascular disease.