Laparoscopic surgery is a surgical technique in which short thin tubes areinserted (trocars) in the abdomen through small incisions (less tan one centimeter). Through these trocars long, narrow instruments are inserted, the surgeon uses to manipulate, cut, and sew tissue.
Compared to traditional open surgery, patients feel less pain, have a shorter recovery period and less scarring with laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses several incisions of 0.5 to 1 cm. Each incision iscalled a port. At each port a tubular instrument known as a trocar is inserted. During the procedure, through trocars specialized instruments and a special camera called a laparoscope are passed. When initiating the procedure, the abdomen is inflated with the gas called carbon dioxide to provide the surgeon with a working space and visibility. The laparoscope transmits images of the abdominal cavity monitors high-resolution video operating room. During the operation, the surgeon watches detailed images of the abdomen on the monitor.
The system allows the surgeon to perform the same operations as traditional surgery but with smaller incisions. In some cases, the surgeon may choose to use a special type of port that is large enough to insert a hand. When a port hand is used, the surgical technique called laparoscopy assisted hand incision necessary for a hand port is larger than the other laparoscopic incisions, but is usually smaller than the incision for traditional surgery.
Laparoscopic surgery is as safe as traditional open surgery. When you start a laparoscopic operation the laparoscope is inserted through a small incision near the navel. The surgeon inspects first the abdomen to determine if it is safe to perform laparoscopic surgery. If there is a swelling, or if the surgeon finds other factors preventing the structures clearly see, he (she) may have to make a larger incision to finish and complete the operation safely.